Building on our strong track record in research into the control of blood-borne viral and sexually transmissible infections, we have broadened the scope of our work to include tropical diseases, vaccine preventable diseases, and epidemic response.
Topical diseases are infecitous diseases that occur in tropical and subtropical locations.
疟疾 is one of the leading causes of mortality and morbidity around the world. Our work in malaria involves mathematical modelling and statistical approaches to improve our understanding of how the malaria parasite grows in the human body and how this interacts with available treatments. This understanding will contribute to new tools to support malaria eradication.
疥 is an under-recognised cause of morbidity in many developing countries, with more than 130 million people infected worldwide. It is strongly associated with 脓疱疮 which can lead to systemic infection, leading to septicaemia, kidney and heart disease. The Kirby Institute is leading a world-first trial of mass drug administration in Fiji, where researchers found that one round of ivermectin reduced the prevalence of scabies 通过 94 per cent one year after the intervention. This trial has been extended to the Solomon Islands.
沙眼 is a global health issue, and is a particular problem in the Pacific. Australia is the only developed country to have endemic trachoma, with outbreaks occurring in remote and very remote Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities. The Kir通过 Institute coordinates the National 沙眼 Surveillance and Reporting Unit which collects vital information to inform targeted interventions and engagement with local communities.
Vaccine preventable diseases
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The Kir通过 Institute conducts a number of clinical trials on 流感 designed to uncover risk factors for disease severity. There is global concern that an avian virus could evolve and become capable of human-to-human transmission, resulting in a serious pandemic. We are involved in surveillance activities to closely monitor the changing global landscape of avian 流感 and assess the risk of pandemic potential.
Led by the Kir通过 Institute, the NHMRC Centre for Research Excellence, Integrated Systems for Epidemic Response (ISER) conducts applied systems research, enhances collaboration, and builds capacity in health systems research for epidemic control. We bring together experts in field epidemiology, epidemic response, military experts, international law, risk science experts, government and non-government agencies involved in epidemic response.
Healthcare workers, who are first responders in emergencies, were at a significantly higher risk of infection and death during the 2014 埃博拉病毒 outbreak in West Africa. 我们的研究 involves contributing to the evidence base for appropriate selection of personal protective equipment and improving knowledge and attitudes about the equipment among healthcare workers and other first responders.
The Kir通过 Institute, together with other leading experts in clinical, laboratory and public health research, is part of APPRISE, the Australian Partnership for Preparedness Research on Infectious Diseases Emergencies. We will contribute our expertise in designing and running systems for monitoring epidemics.
Our other infections research strengths
- Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health
- Biostatistics and 数据bases
- Infection Analytics
- Public Health Interventions
- Surveillance and Evaluation
- Viral Immunology Systems